The Geological Survey of Pakistan (GSP), is an autonomous and independent institution under Ministry of Energy (Petroleum Division) which is tasked and mandate with advancing the geoscience knowledge& research and carrying out systematic studies on official mapping and area surveying.
The Geological Survey of Pakistan has a unique honor of being the only scientific research organization in the country which came into being with the inception of Pakistan on August 17, 1947.
During its 70 years of hard work, the GSP has operated to geologically map the entire country on various scales, evaluate its metallic, non-metallic and solid fuel resources, ground water exploration, geo hazard assessment, engineering and geo-scientific studies. The results of its systematic surveys are published in the form of maps, reports and research papers which contribute to the understanding and exploring the natural resources and their wise use in future.
Geological Survey of Pakistan is the national custodians of geological information and has established a long tradition of excellence.
THE GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF PAKISTAN (GSP)
Geological Survey of Pakistan (GSP) is an attached department of the Ministry of Energy (Petroleum Division), Government of Pakistan. It was established, at the time of independence in 1947, with only 5 Muslim geologists of the Geological Survey of India who opted for Pakistan. GSP is a national premier organization which, as per its charter, is primarily responsible for collection and dissemination of geological information about the country so that the earth’s resources could be best exploited and utilized. The geological information is compiled and disseminated in the form of geological reports and maps. Geological maps provide a bird’s eye view of the surface distribution of various types of rocks and economic minerals that are found in a particular region. These maps are, thus, essential for all future detailed geological works including, mineral exploration, civil engineering, soil surveys, land use and soil conservation projects. Worldwide experience suggests that geological maps on 1:50,000 scale provide the most useful information and meet the requirement of most of the demands.
FUNCTIONS AND ACTIVITIES
- Geological mapping of the country on appropriate scales.
- Supplementation of geological mapping programme with geoscientific studies and research, geophysical surveys, geochemical investigations and test drilling operations with a view to synthesize and analyze data on composition, structure, history and origin of rock strata for use in the exploration, exploitation and conservation of natural resources like, metallic and industrial minerals and rocks, fuels and groundwater.
- Inventorization of known resources and exploration and assessment of new finds and discoveries.
- Geological investigations in connection with the construction of heavy civil engineering projects, soil conservation, watershed management and other environmental and engineering geological studies including, geothermal energy, land use, and town planning.
- Basic and applied research in all fields of geological sciences and related disciplines and sponsoring and promotion of such researches in other sister institutions.
- Study and evaluation of geological hazards associated with earthquakes, volcanic activity, waste disposal, landslides, subsidence and other ground failures, and development of methods for hazard prediction.
- Improvement in the existing mapping techniques and development of new skills for the collection, analysis, and interpretation of geoscientific data.
- Collection, retrieval and dissemination of information and extension of assistance to public and private sector organizations in problems and projects of geological investigations, mineral exploration, and geoscientific research.
- Provision of scientific support and technical advice for legislative, regulatory and management decisions of the federal, provincial and local governments.
- Establishment of contacts with international geoscience research organizations and participation in international geoscientific activities.
- Producing of earth-sciences data sets and establishment and maintenance of an effective geodata base.
- Provision of scientific and technical assistance for effective use of earth-science techniques, products and information.
- Undertaking of geological and other related techno-economic and strategic studies within and outside the country.
- Publication of results of the activities of the department in the form of different types of thematic maps, reports, books, monographs and research papers
Geological Survey of Pakistan carries out studies under its regular programme, utilizing the non-development budget, and PSDP funding.
The Geological Survey of Pakistan is headed by a Director General (BPS-21). Its headquarters is at Quetta where most of the functional divisions/directorates are Palaeontology & Stratigraphy (P&S), Regional Geology (Western Zone), Geophysics, Chemistry, Petrology-Mineralogy, Drilling, Museums, photogrammetry, publication, hydrogeology and planning and information (P&I) , administration & accounts, audit , stores & procurement and workshop etc. are located. Some of the functional units, however, have been regionalized and their offices are established at Peshawar, Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi and Muzaffarabad, AJK. The five scientific research zones at Muzaffarabad, Peshawar, Lahore, Karachi and Quetta are responsible for carrying out geological mapping and mineral investigation and also for running specialized branches to undertake projects related to the geology of the area under their control. The provincial governments and mineral sector agencies are consulted and their suggestions are accommodated, to the extent possible, while formulating the annual field programme of the department. The organizational set-up is as under: